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Barzan Ibrahim Hassan al-Tikriti

Trial before the Iraqi High Tribunal: sentenced to death by hanging on 5 November 2006; appeal lodged on 3 December 2006; sentenced confirmed on 26 December 2006; executed by hanging on 15 January 2007

U.S. officials confirmed on 17 April 2003 that Barzan Ibrahim had been captured alive in Tikrit.

He was turned over to Iraq’s Interim Government on 30 June 2004 and was arraigned on the 1st of July 2004.

His trial started on 19 October 2005.

At a first stage, Barzan Ibrahim stood trial before a five-judge-panel for what is called the Dujail massacre. He was charged simultaneously with seven other former high officials, Taha Yassin Ramadan, Saddam Hussein, Awad Hamed Al-Bander, Abdullah Kadhem Ruaid, Ali Daeem Ali, Mohammed Azawi Ali, Mizher Abdullah Rawed, (see "related cases") who were said to have ordered and overseen the killing, in July 1982, of more than 140 Shi'ite men from Dujail, a village 35 miles north of Baghdad. For these acts, they were charged with crimes against humanity.

Those killed in the Dujail massacre were allegedly killed in retribution for an attack on the presidential motorcade as it passed through the village. It was reported that apart from the killings, hundreds of women and children from the town were jailed for years in internment camps in the desert, and that the date palm groves that sustained the local economy and the families' livelihood were destroyed.

On 19 October 2005, he informed the presiding judge at the first court session that he would plead not-guilty.

Following a request by the defence for more time to prepare, the trial was adjourned until 28 November 2005.

In the weeks following the first audience, serious security concerns for the defense team of Hussein and the other accused became apparent. Some 36 hours after the first hearing, a group of unidentified armed men dragged one of the attorneys from his office in east Baghdad and shot him dead. A few days later, the second lawyer was killed in a drive-by shooting, and a third, injured in that attack, subsequently fled Iraq for sanctuary in Qatar.

As a consequence, calls for the trial to be held abroad were heard. The defence lawyers, supported by the Iraqi Bar Association, imposed a boycott on the trial, until their security concerns were met with specific measures.

A few days before the trial was to resume, the defence team announced that it had accepted offers of protection from Iraqi and American officials and would appear in Court on 28 November. The agreement was said to include the same level of protection that was offered to the Iraqi judges and prosecutors, with measures such as armored cars and teams of bodyguards.

After a short Court session on 28 November, during which some testimony regarding the killings in Dujail was presented, Judge Rizgar Mohammed Amin ordered a one-week adjournment until 5 December, to grant the defence teams time to find new counsel after one of their lawyers was killed and another fled Iraq.

On 12 March 2006, the Prosecutor announced that if Saddam Hussein and his seven co-defendants were sentenced to death in the Dujail case, the sentence would be carried out as soon as possible. Thus, the other cases for which they were indicted would not be heard in court.

On 19 June 2006, the Prosecutor indeed asked the court, in his closing arguments, that the death penalty be imposed upon Barzan al-Tikriti, Saddam Hussein and Taha Yassine Ramadan.

On 5 November 2006, Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti was sentenced to death by hanging. Such a death sentence or life imprisonment generates an automatic appeal.

On 3 December 2006, the defence team lodged an appeal against the verdicts for Saddam Hussein, Awad Hamed Al-Bander and Barzan Ibrahim Al-Tikriti, all of whom had been sentenced to death.

On 26 December 2006, the Appeals Chamber confirmed the verdict and the death sentence against Barzan Ibrahim Al-Tikriti.

On 15 January 2007, the death sentence was carried out.

Trial Watch would like to remind its users that any person charged by national or international authorities is presumed innocent until proven guilty.

Fact sheet

Iraq 2017 2017  - 2017 2017  - 2017
Crimes against humanity
Enforced disappearances
Deprivation of life

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