Trial before the Iraqi High Tribunal: sentenced to life in prison on 5 November 2006; appeals chamber decided on 26 December 2006 that life sentence was too light and sent case back to trial chamber for new decision; sentenced to death on 12 February 2007; hanged on 20 March 2007
Taha Yassin Ramadan was born in 1938 in Mosul, in northeastern Iraq. His parents were farmers. He himself worked as a bank clerk after completing his secondary education.
He is one of the few surviving plotters from the 1968 coup that put the Baath party in power. He rose through the ranks of the Baath Party, and joined the regime's powerful Revolution Command Council after the coup.
He held numerous senior posts during the party's 35-year rule.
He was a member of Saddam Hussein's inner circle and was known as one of his "enforcers".
He headed a 1970 court that sentenced 44 officers to death for plotting to overthrow the regime.
He also led the People’s Army, a large paramilitary force at the service of the regime. It was disbanded in 1991 when he became vice-president.
Taha Yassin Ramadan was accused by Iraqi exiles of crimes against humanity for his role in crushing the Shia uprising in southern Iraq in 1991 and for his involvement in the killing of thousands of Kurds in the north in 1988.
Yassin Ramadan is known to have followed Saddam Hussein's orders to the letter - including at one time losing 27 kilograms after the Iraqi leader criticised his ministers for putting on weight.
He survived a number of assassination attempts, including two in 1997 and one in 1999.
On August 19, 2003 Taha Yassin Ramadan was captured in Mosul, by fighters of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) and handed over to US forces.