Bosco Ntaganda was born on 5 November 1973 in Rwanda. He is a citizen of the Republic of Congo. He fought with the Rwandan Patriotic Army during the 1994 genocide. He was former Deputy Chief of General Staff for Military Operations of the Patriotic Forces for the Liberation of the Congo (FPLC), the military wing of the UPC (Union of Congolese Patriots).
The evidence submitted to the ICC indicates that the UPC was officially created on 15 September 2000 with its headquarters in Bunia. The FPLC, for its part, was created on 1 September 2002. Floribert Kisembo was the Chief of General Staff and Ntaganda was its Deputy Chief of General Staff for Military Operations.
The UPC is accused of having adopted from the very beginning of August 2002, a policy aimed at attacking in a systematic and generalized manner those civilians perceived as not being members of the Hema ethnic group, such as those belonging to the Lendu, Bira and Nande ethnic groups, with these attacks being concentrated in and around the communities of Banyali_Kilo and Walendu-Djatsi.
The UPC, under the operational leadership of Ntaganda is accused of being responsible for murder and attempted murder, of cannibalism, arbitrary detention, rape of non-Hema women, sexual slavery, looting, expulsion of non-Hema civilians from their homes and destruction of civilian property.
The UPC is also accused of the enlistment and conscription of children under the age of 15 and of forcing them to participate actively in hostilities in Ituri (DRC) and of having raped them and used them as sexual slaves during the period between July 2002 and December 2003.
Ntaganda also was said to have been involved in incidents involving peacekeepers in 2004, namely the kidnapping of a Moroccan and the murder of a Kenyan peacekeeper. There were also implications of his involvement in the killing of two aid workers in the DRC.
After leaving the army in 2006, Ntaganda reportedly became Chief of Staff of the National Council for the Defense of the People. The group, known by its French acronym CNDP, is the political wing of the militia led by Laurent Nkunda in the North and South Kivu provinces of Congo.
An arrest warrant was initially issued against Ntaganda on 22 August 2006 by the Pre-Trial Chamber I of the International Criminal Court (ICC) but was kept under seal due to the risk of Bosco Ntaganda fleeing or obstructing the work of the Court.
Trial Watch would like to remind its users that any person charged by national or international authorities is presumed innocent until proven guilty.